5 most common chronic diseases Afflicting the elderly

Table of Contents

As people reach a certain age, their health condition declines while their body stature gets complex. Getting older brings another set of health challenges. Continuous loss of immune, and weakening body parts brings out more challenges and difficulties to control the situation.

An aging population of the world tends to have higher chances to survive with lasting diseases, physical disabilities, mental illnesses, and other immune problems.

With several health hazards, caring for senior/elderly people requires more caution and synchronization that every healthcare staff, family member, and caregiver should dredge up.

Considering that, we too as family members must grip some knowledge about the most common medical conditions for immediate assistance. This includes understanding the condition itself, immediately available treatments, understanding their medicines, and ways to protect the elderly from other additional hazards.

The disease encountered in the later stage is normal. However, coping with the daily activities of such patients requires patience, knowledge, and strength.

Here we are going to line up the health conditions faced by the senior citizens, including their physical disabilities, mental illness diseases that these populations may/are suffering throughout the elderly era of life expectancy.


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1. Arthritis

Arthritis is the most common problem, during their life expectancy. It is encountered in the age group of 65 or older. It leads to pain and decreases the mobility of the body. As a result, it hinders the daily living of the people.

Attention from the caregivers

As you’re taking care of a person who is suffering from arthritis. You must take a moment to know the following points and have knowledge about what is effective for the patient as proper support.

  • You should be careful about the mobility of their body.
  • You should be careful about how their breath.
  • Know about their physiological impacts.
  • Know about how they eat and swallow.

2. Heart disease

Heart disease is another leading killer disease of elderly people who are mostly over 65. It affects 37 percent of males and 26 percent of females who are in the aging era of their life expectancy.

This disease typically arises in different forms diseases such as cholesterol, blood pressure, and some other heart disease-related problems. We can’t deny this is a common issue faced by people above 60 years of age.

Attention from the caregivers

Keeping in mind, patients with heart disease are very sensitive and cardinally weak than other patients. You must know the following facts to give special care and support for their betterment.

  • You must take care of their healthy weight.
  • You must let them exercise regularly.
  • Must give healthy and balanced diet food.
  • You must learn about the sign of heart attack and stroke.

3. Alzheimer Disease

Alzheimer’s disease affects the brain and destructs memories and other mental functions progressively. It is a prevalent illness among senior citizens. It is the most common cause of dementia which is the loss of intellectual functioning and basic communicative abilities.

Attention from the caregivers

It is a brain-functioning disease as well as a complicated disease. As a caregiver of these patients, you must think about the following points for their proper well-being.

  • You must research well about the disease and the patients because you never know how the patient of Alzheimer’s will act tomorrow.
  • You must be prepared for every situation. As it can bring out a challenge every day in every next minute.
  • Take them out and let them meet and talk with their friends.
  • Try to put yourself in the patient’s shoes
  • Do not assume that the patient does irritating pieces of stuff as it will affect them physiologically.


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4. Diabetes

It is a group of diseases that affects how your body uses blood glucose which is excessive in the blood. About 25 percent of populations above 60 or older are living with this risky disease. Every day is a new hurdle for diabetic patients.

There are 3 types of diabetes i.e. type 1 and type 2 and gestational diabetes (for pregnant women) that can be identified and addressed by simply checking the blood sugar level in the blood.

Attention from the caregivers

Since this disease is related to blood levels. There is often a risk of high glucose in the blood of patients which can lead them to other health complications such as stroke, loss of vision, kidney, heart disease, nerve problems, and gum infections. So, you must care for them more efficiently. The following important points one must take care of are:

  • You must take care of a healthy diet.
  • You just need to monitor and manage their blood pressure, blood glucose, and cholesterol levels.
  • You must take the help of a physician and keep a constant check.
  • You must help them with regular exercise.

5. Mental health and depression:

Mental health is also as important as physical illness. About 15 to 20 percent of populations above 60 or above are suffering through it.  The disorder is often very risky because this mental health disease can’t be underdiagnosed and can’t be undertreated.

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Attention from the caregivers

Taking care of mental disorders or depression patients need more attentiveness. You must know the following points to handle them more efficiently:

  • Chronic health conditions are the side effect of depression, and managing those conditions can help them a lot.
  • You must promote a healthy lifestyle for healthy living.
  • Provide them with a healthy and happy environment.
  • Talk to them and figure out their psychological needs.

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